Two types are distinguished: high-moor and low-moor. Discussion of the formation or genesis of peat soils is made easier by first making a distinction between the actual formation of the … Muck is a sapric soil that is … Peat soil is encountered in many areas and generally originates from plant/animal remains and is considered partly as decomposed biomass ... definition of peat may be similar, the . They are found in peatlands (also called bogs or mires). Peat is an organic soil composed of partially to well-decomposed plant remains, which accumulate in a wet environment. Vegetation characteristic of these soils includes sphagnums, highly compressed pine (more rarely, spruce), ledum, Chamaedaphne, bog bilberry, cloudberry, Oxycoccus, Scheuchzeria, and cotton grass. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. In natural peatlands, the "annual rate of biomassproduction is greater than the rate of decomposition", but i… Peat accumulation rate depends on many factors. Top-Black-Peat : Definition: Top-Black-Peat is a combination of Brown Topsoil, Black Soil and Peat Moss. Especially used in commercial plots, peat moss, which is derived from aged sphagnum moss bogs, is advantageous to plants since it … peat an accumulation of dead plant material formed in wet conditions in bogs or fens in the absence of oxygen so that decomposition is incomplete. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. Soils that contain mostly peat are known as a histosol. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Peat+Soil. Peatlands cover about 3% of the earth’s land mass; they are found in the temperate (Northern Europe and America) and tropical regions (South East Asia, South America, South Africa and the Caribbean) 1. Soil scientists define peat as organic soil with organic content of greater than 35%. See more at bog. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? They are distributed primarily in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. Peat is burned as fuel and also used as fertilizer. Delivered to your inbox! The lower boundary of peat soil approximately coincides with the depth to which water in the soil descends in summer (from 30 to 50–60 cm, sometimes deeper). Peat is an organic complex soil, well known for its high compressibility and low stability. In the RER concessions in Kampar Peninsula and Padang Island, we have recorded 797 species of animals and plants, of which 57 are globally-threatened such as the Sumatran Tiger, and Rhinoceros Hornbill. The UK alone has around 13 percent of the total global blanket mire area. Peat , sometimes known as turf (/tɜːrf/), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter. The ash content is 6–12 percent in normal soils and 30–50 percent in high-ash types. L… Peat is only a minor contributor to the world energy supply. Commom Uses: For raised beds and where you are not tilling with existing soil. Characteristic plants are sedges, hyp-nums and sphagnums, reed grass, shrubs, and trees (spruce, birch, and pine). Definition of PEAT in the Definitions.net dictionary. Soil containing a large amount of peat; it is rich in humus and gives an acid reaction. Dirvozemi sarminantys mikroelementai, augalijos rusiu ivairove ir projekcinis padengimas. Learn a new word every day. Low-moor peat soils are weakly acidic or neutral. Eutrophic vegetation flourishes on these soils. Peat moss is considered a natural soil amendment or soil replacement. The moisture capacity is 500–700 percent of the dry weight, and the bulk density is 0.15–0.20. Peat is a soil material formed by the decomposition of organic matter and remains of plant material. ... One of the most common components is Sphagnum moss, although many other plants can contribute. Peat is a decayed plant material that takes in moisture, or the name for the dried version of this material when used as fuel. The shear strength of peat can be difficult to predict and is often low, although fibrous peat tends to exhibit higher shear strength due to wood fibres in the peat as compared to amorphous peat. Peat soil definition is - a soil consisting largley of peat and consequently rich in humus and of acid reaction. The formation of peat is the first step in the formation of coal. By resisting compaction, it ventilates oxygen deep into the soil … A PEAT report is produced after each site visit, and may include an action plan if the required standards are not being met. 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