Weather fluctuations such as floods and hurricanes have destroyed the entire crops in some years. When the Acadians made their way into this region in 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were cultivating a variety of tobacco with a distinctive flavor. As noted before, perique is a tobacco which can be grown anywhere else tobacco is grown. Distiller Ted Breaux has been distilling Perique Liqueur de Tabac, a liqueur from Perique tobacco since 2006. Approximately once a month the pressure is released, and each of the torquettes is worked by hand to permit a little air back into the tobacco. He then ordered some St. James Perique and when he compared the two, threw the Brazilian Perique out. At least at the Poche facility, the dried leaves are stripped of the stems, bundled and then placed in the barrel. That’s when the Roussel family started putting the perique tobacco into barrels and using industrial jacks to apply the pressure. Due to small crops sizes in the parishes other tobaccos were processed and added to make Perique.  That is the process used by Ryan today with the exception that he has paid higher prices for higher quality leaf. For the most part, those are all areas in or around St. James Parish. Many of these are responsible for the flavors of fruits and are often found in wine.[3]. It has a dark, oily appearance, when cured and a taste of pepper and figs. is added to a mild Virginia. I found a reference to perique on line in a book named “Tobacco Leaf” J.B. Killebrew, AM., PH.D and Herbert Myrick, B.S. Perique tobacco under pressure. As of May 2017, the number of growers planting tobacco commercially in Saint James Parish has risen to 25. Every so often during the process, the workers will open the barrels and turn the leaves. Of course, since you can literally throw a rock from some of the fields into the Mississippi, this is Delta soil, so it’s very rich and also very moist. Rare and famous Louisiana tobacco known for its dark, black color and unique flavor when cured.       I asked Ryan about the plant and he said perique is basically a different strain of burley. With the help of his five sons – Percy Jr., Leo, Ray, Brian and Teddy – he raises tomatoes, bell peppers, sugar-cane and perique tobacco. 24, No. During the tour of the Poche facility in October 2015, Ryan stated that “pure” Perique hasn’t been available since before the 1950s. [4] In 2014, Philippine-based cigar manufacturer Tabacalera Incorporada created the 1881 Perique. The tobacco plants are manually kept suckerless and pruned to exactly 12 leaves through their early growth. If you change those, then you change the flavor of the tobacco. How long has Perique been a blend and not a pure Perique? Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Volatile Constituents of Perique Tobacco", "PADRON HANDMADE CIGARS 1-Connecticut Valley Tobacconist - Northern Generals Battleground Cigars", "Tabacalera finds right blend of tradition, innovation", "Daughters & Ryan begins rollout of five new Tabacalera Incorporada Lines - halfwheel". Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of nicotine. Ryan said the rich, fertile delta soil, the moisture in the water table from the Mississippi River, the climate and the microbes in the soil and air, all goes into making St. James Perique the tobacco that it is. Often considered the truffle of pipe tobaccos by connoisseurs, perique is used as a component of various blended pipe tobaccos, as many people consider it too strong to be smoked pure. (That’s the opinion of the writer, not Mark Ryan.). There may be some modest differences in soil condition which may affect the taste, but it would be hard for the average pipe smoker to tell the difference. After a year of this treatment, the perique is ready for consumption, although it may be kept fresh under pressure for many years. I read on one pipe smoking forum that: “Historically, Perique was never a hot selling commodity. He died in 2012, at 93, and Ray has since taken over the family business. What about the perique marketed as Paulina, South Vacherie and Grand Point Perique? The answer here is a qualified no. That is also the biggest reason why there has never been a big surplus of Perique. Ryan told me the story about how a cigar manufacturer in the Dominican Republic wanted to use perique in some cigars. According to that book, “The variety planted is called the Perique, which has a leaf of medium size, is a rapid grower, small stem, and fiber tough and gummy, curing to a dark brown color.”, If you go to victoryseeds.com, a source for tobacco plant seeds, they describe it as “perique tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety, which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown.”. Some have suggested that its “rubbed with fruit mash or puree. Loose tobacco for rolling is sold by the same company in black pouches. Once the leaves have partially dried but are still supple (usually less than 2 weeks in the barn), any remaining dirt is removed and the leaves are moistened with water and stemmed by hand. Pierre Chenet's grand daughter, Coralie Decareau, married Celestin Poche in February 1829, and the Poche family has been involved in the cultivation and processing of Perique tobacco through current times. It has a dark, oily appearance, when cured and a taste of pepper and figs. The finished tobacco is dark brown - nearly black - very moist with a fruity, slightly vinegary aroma. The plants grow to 5' or more and will produce 18-22 leaves per plant. I asked Ryan about the plant and he said perique is basically a different strain of burley. Is Perique a processing technique, a species of tobacco or both? They basic method used today wasn’t introduced until the early part of the 20th century. The tobacco is kept under pressure using oak blocks and massive screw jacks, forcing nearly all the air out of the still-moist leaves. What gets me are all the myths, mysteries and misinformation surrounding Perique tobacco which persists to this day even though numerous articles have been written explaining it: (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); “Perique fell out of favor because at one time there was an overabundance of it on the market.”, “Perique isn’t a tobacco, it’s just a process and any tobacco can be used to make perique.”, “You can get perique made anywhere and it will taste the same.”. The perique process is also easily duplicated, so it can be done in other locations. The leaves are then rolled int… Martin says some scientists believe St. James Parish sits on top of a mineral deposit that gives the tobacco its robust and pungent flavor, but he doesn’t know if … Is it “real” Perique? Ryan said he primarily sells his perique to pipe tobacco manufacturers but there are others who use the perique process and he couldn’t speak about their processing methods. He’s planted 12 acres of his farm with perique tobacco, and those 12 acres contain the bulk of the world’s supply. It discusses the tobacco and the history of the process. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for 1000 TOBACCO Nicotiana Tabacum 'PERIQUE' seeds at the best online prices at eBay! Interview with Mark Ryan, owner of L.A. Poche Perique Tobacco Co. Guide to the L.A. Poche Perique Tobacco Photographs 1971, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perique&oldid=986358559, Articles needing additional references from October 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 10:29. In 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were cultivating a variety of tobacco with a distinctive flavor. The things that makes St. James Parish Perique so unique is the environment it is grown in. However, for clarity sake, there is a tobacco leaf product marketed as "Perique" tobacco. The result is a smoke that you can enjoy during the first half of the bowl, before it turns too sour and strong. These cigarettes are marketed in a black box (Perique Rich Robust) and in a gray box (Perique Rich.) At one time, the fresh and moist perique was also chewed, but none is now sold for this purpose. [1], The tobacco plants are manually kept suckerless and pruned to exactly 12 leaves through their early growth. Nothing is added to the tobacco. I have smoked it in a wide variety of blends which container Perique. published in 1897. Well, to begin with, Perique has never been a “hot selling commodity” because there has never been enough of it. I have smoked St. James Perique and I have smoked Acadian Perique. [5] Following this, Tabacalera released other cigars using Perique tobacco in 2016: the Tabacalera Gran Reserva, the Don Juan Urquijo Perique, and the 1881 Perique Bold, which is the same as the 1881 Perique but finished in a dark Maduro wrapper.[6]. (William C. Rense Economic Botany Vol. The owners of L.A. Poche in St. James Parish, Louisiana, didn’t buy any tobacco to process that year, and they planned to sell their existing tobacco inventory and shut down the last surviving perique processing facility. Chenet was undoubtedly influenced by the practices of Native Americans, who used hollow logs to ferment tobacco in a similar manner. The name is not misleading: instead of used as a condiment, Perique is the main tobacco in this mixture. The manufacturer started buying a Perique grown and processed in Brazil. Perique is a type of tobacco from Saint James Parish, Louisiana, known for its strong, powerful, and fruity aroma. The temperature in the curing sheds sometimes exceeds 38 °C (100 °F), and no work is done inside the sheds while the tobacco is being fired. In late June, when the leaves are a dark, rich green and the plants are 24–30 inches (60–75 cm) tall, the whole plant is harvested in the late evening and hung to dry in a sideless curing barn. Planta - Empire Perique Edit this tobacco Favorite Wishlist Subscribed Finest perique is the main player here, supported by dark fired Virginia and a pinch of Oriental tobaccos. rique | \pə-ˈrēk) has a humble beginning – the tobacco starts out as seeds so small that one thimbleful will plant nearly one full acre. Perique is a rare, slow burning tobacco grown and processed in St. James Parish, Louisiana. In 1776, the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes were … 'Perique' tobacco (the plant) is a specific, unique, variety which you can grow anywhere that tobacco can be grown. In my opinion, it’s more a marketing ploy than a major difference in the flavor profile. Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. Its flavor is a little strong, so it is usually found mostly in blends. Free shipping for many products! Pressure fermentation of tobacco was a process already known to the French and Spanish and according to the Economic Botany article, Chenet probably learned it from a Spanish family in the region. Ryan said there are currently 4 or 5 families who grow perique for him in Louisiana and every year there has been crop loss. One of the visible differences is that with a burley, the top leaves stand up while on a Perique plant they droop down. Perique comes from Saint ... Each tobacco plant yields only 18 leaves useful as cigar wrappers, and each leaf requires a great deal of individual manual attention during harvesting. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. One of the visible differences is that with a burley, the top leaves stand up while on a Perique plant they droop down. Nicotiana tabacum is a sticky, thick-leaved perennial that can reach up to six feet in height. Its flavor is a little strong, so it is usually found mostly in blends. However, the tobacco that's used to make Perique is essentially a type of Burley, which is similar to One-Sucker Burley that is usually grown in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Canada. Pipe Smoker, Fisherman, Journalist, Blogger, http://www.saveseeds.org/library/books/Tobacco_Leaf/tobacco_leaf_1897.html, http://www.victoryseeds.com/nicotiana_perique.html, The Truth About Stanwell Danish Star Pipes, Tobacco Best By Date Needed: Gawith Limited 2015, The Case of the Confused Peterson…. Made from Louisiana Perique (the rarest and most precious tobacco in the world), only very small amount of this liqueur exists today. It is also my understanding that there are also some manufacturers who buy the unprocessed perique leaves and process it themselves. [2] The fruity aroma is the result of hundreds of volatile compounds created by anaerobic fermentation of the tobacco. But, there is also a Perique Tobacco process. Perique is an offshoot of Burley that has become unique by being grown in an area of St. James Parish called the “Golden Triangle”. These tobaccos are then mixed with the perique grown in St. James Parish and processed. Much as with any other plants grown in the world, the climate and soil conditions play a great part in determining the flavor. Louisiana Perique is the rarest and more precious tobacco in the entire world. Perique (pronounced peh-REEK) gets its distinctive flavor from barrel fermentation, a technique Louisiana settlers are thought to have picked up … Saint James Perique Pipe Tobacco Leaf Now Only $64.99 / LB Click Here Purchase Online. Another issue historically is the price farmers were paid for the tobacco crops, Ryan said. For answers, I did some research on the internet and I reached out to Mark Ryan of Daughters & Ryan Tobacco and current owner of the L.A. Poche Perique facility in St. James Parish, Louisiana to answer some of the questions and to refresh my memory of what I learned during a tour of the facility in October 2015. Our genuine Saint James perique whole leaf tobacco is grown and cured by a small family farm in rural Saint James Parish that has been producing high quality barrel-cured perique pipe tobacco for generations. It can be smoked straight, but isn't intended to be. This is often used as a condiment tobacco and lends a fruity/spice flavor to the blend. (Part 2), The Case of the Confused Peterson…. Tobacco experts generally point to three qualities that make perique distinct: the St. James soil, the perique seed and the fermentation process. I’ll address the question about faux perique further down. It is a popular Perique-focused blend and you’ll understand why from the moment you pop open the tin. It will be a perique processed tobacco but it won’t be the same as the perique grown and processed in St. James Parish. A tobacco plant at the Percy Martin family farm. As the name would suggest, Mac Baren HH Acadian Perique has a strong hit of natural Perique that makes this one of the companies most full-bodied blends. The Tobacco Institute says perique has been shipped out of New Orleans for more than 250 years and is considered to be one of America's first export crops. However, for clarity sake, there is a tobacco leaf product marketed as "Perique" tobacco. The early part of Louisiana for generations are currently 4 or 5 who. Louisiana tobacco known for its dark, oily appearance, when cured and a taste of and. Perique in some years gray box ( Perique Rich Robust ) and packed into whiskey... 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