The straight-line method of depreciation is widely used and simple to calculate. Several depreciation methods exist, with various advantages and disadvantages associated with each. Depreciation is an accounting method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its useful life and is used to account for declines in value over time. The formula to determine the depreciation schedule is the Depreciation Expense = (100% / Useful life) x 2. This method uses a factor of two, when determining how much is written off each year. Method 1 - Straight-line depreciation. A change in the treatment of an asset from nondepreciable to depreciable or vice versa. There are two main depreciation methods: book and tax. An appraiser could estimate accrued depreciation attributed to two of the sources by other appropriate methods, and then subtract the amount of accrued depreciation â¦ In addition to straight line depreciation, there are also other methods of calculating depreciation Depreciation Methods The most common types of depreciation methods include straight-line, double declining balance, units of production, and sum of years digits. A change from an impermissible method of determining depreciation for depreciable property, if the impermissible method was used in two or more consecutively filed tax returns. A computer system acquired on January 1 at a cost of \$261,000 has an estimated useful life of ten years. It is based on the principle that each accounting period of the asset's life should bear an equal amount of depreciation. 3) Double declining method. Assuming that it will have no residual value. a. This is one of the two common methods a company uses to account for the expenses of a fixed asset. This is an accelerated depreciation method. Types of depreciation. There are various formulas for calculating depreciation of an asset. More complicated than the first two depreciation methods, sum-of-the-years depreciation adds the sum of the useful life of the asset. Determine the depreciation for each of the first two years by the straight-line method. It is acceptable and common for companies to depreciate its plant assets by using the straight line method on its financial statements, while using an accelerated method on its income tax return. Using the example from above, an asset with a â¦ Straight Line The straight line method involves determining the cost to depreciate and dividing that amount by the number of years the company expects to use the asset. As the name suggests, it counts expense twice as much as the book value of the asset every year. 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